Lombards

   Germanic people who conquered much of Italy (q.v.), beginning in 568. They had previously served under Narses (q.v.) as mercenaries of Justinian I (q.v.) in the war against the Ostrogoths (q.v.). The Lombards moved into Italy in 568, led by their king Alboin (died 572). They rapidly conquered most of it, establishing the kingdom of Longobardia (q.v.). Maurice (q.v.) reassembled such Byzantine territory that remained into the Exarchate of Ravenna (q.v.). Constans II (q.v.) attacked the Lombards with some success in 663, but he failed in his siege of Benevento (q.v.). An eighth-century Lombard offensive ended with the fall of Ravenna in 751, leaving Byzantium (q.v.) without territory in northern and central Italy. Nevertheless, in 774 Charlemagne (q.v.) wrested northern Italy from the Lombards. The ninth and 10th centuries saw further Lombard decline, which helps to explain the rapid Norman (q.v.) expansion in southern Italy in the 11th century.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • LOMBARDS — Le peuple lombard, l’un des derniers immigrés au haut Moyen Âge en territoire romain, est connu depuis le Ier siècle de notre ère sous le nom de Langobardi , devenu après le Ve siècle Longobardi par étymologie populaire, et finalement Lombardi… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lombards — The Lombards (Latin Langobardi , whence the alternative names Langobards and Longobards) were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe who settled in the valley of the Danube and from there invaded Byzantine Italy in 568 under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Lombards —  Cet article concerne les Lombards durant l’Antiquité tardive et le Haut Moyen Âge. Le duché de Bénévent et les principautés de Salerne et de Capoue font l objet d articles séparés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lombards —    A Germanic people who first appear in the sources in the first century a.d., settling along the Elbe River, the Lombards, or Langobardi (Long Beards), developed a reputation for being an especially fierce people. Although they suffered… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Lombards —    Cambin Guidonis Fulberti of Florence, whose will is enrolled in Ct. of Hustings, Cal. of Wills, I. p. 488, is styled Cambin Fulbert, the Lumbard, 1353 (Ct. H.W. I. 674).    For further information about the Lombards see Lombard Street …   Dictionary of London

  • LOMBARDS —    a German people, settled at the beginning of our era about the lower Elbe. In the 5th century we find them in Moravia, and a century later established, a powerful people, between the Adriatic and the Danube. They invaded Italy in 568, and in… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Lombards — n. ancient Italian, member of Germanic people who invaded Italy in the 6th century; family name; Carole Lombard (1908 1942, born Janice Alice Peters), popular American film actress from the 1930s n. native or resident of Lombardy; person from… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • lombards — A name given to the merchants of Italy, numbers of whom, during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, were established as merchants and bankers in the principal cities of Europe …   Black's law dictionary

  • Lombards Apartment — (Париж,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 44, rue des Lombards, 1 й округ: Лувр, 7 …   Каталог отелей

  • Lombards de Sicile — Populations Population totale env. 65 000 Populations significatives par régions  Italie 65 000 …   Wikipédia en Français

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